Infernopedia
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Heaven, also known as Paradise (Il Paradiso in Italian) is a realm of the Afterlife. It is the final resting place for the souls of the righteous and the innocent, as well as the abode of the Apostles, angels, saints and God. Like its darker, oppositional counterpart, Hell, Heaven is composed of nine regions (Spheres). While not seen or visited during the game, it is heavily referenced throughout Dante's Inferno.

The Earthly Paradise/ Garden of Eden[]

Upon completion of the final terrace of Purgatory, a soul will find themselves fully redeemed and can enter a magnificent summit: the Earthly Paradise. This place is heavily implied to have been the original Garden of Eden and is the Heavenly equivalent of the Vestibule of Hell/Shores of Acheron, and the Ante-Purgatory. This is the final jumping-point to Heaven, and the spirit of these redeemed people will begin to rise to the Spheres and beyond.

The Planets[]

The first three Spheres of Heaven (the Moon, Mercury and Venus) are each dedicated to specific types of souls who, while genuinely righteous and worthy of Heaven, were mildly deficient in devotion to God. Such people committed true acts of goodness, but these acts were marred by personal reasons or societal pressures. These souls are always within the presence of God (God is said to be omnipresent in Paradise) yet cannot come as close as they might have been able to. However, the souls are content with this, both for the perpetual presence of God regardless and due to feeling their placement is justly deserved (regret, discontent and remorse are explicitly stated to not exist in Heaven).

The Sun and the last three Planets (Mars, Jupiter and Saturn) have the souls of those who showed strength in one of the Four Cardinal Virtues (Wisdom, Fortitude, Justice and Temperance respectively).

The Planet Spheres are based on the geocentric model of the Solar System, as opposed to the heliocentric model we use today (the heliocentric model was deemed controversial by the Church in Dante's time).

Sphere 1: The Moon (Inconstancy)[]

Counted as a planetary body in older versions of astronomy, the Moon is dedicated to the Inconstant, the souls of those who had taken holy vows, but were forced to break them due to unavoidable worldly pressures. They have a shimmering, pale appearance, in reference to their inability to keep their oaths as well as in connection to the effects of moonlight. The Angelic Order associated with this sphere is the regular Angels, messengers to individual people and personal guardians to all humans, Christian or not.

Sphere 2: Mercury (Ambition)[]

This sphere is dedicated to those who did good for the sake of ambition, personal honor and gaining worldly fame. The souls are notably very bright, making them difficult to look at, and greet new souls with the same honor they themselves had sought in life, taking joy in doing so. The Angelic Order associated with this sphere is the Archangels, messengers to nations, and guardians of politics, commerce and militia.

Sphere 3: Venus (Earthly Love)[]

Appropriately, this sphere houses the souls of those who did good deeds for the sake of earthly love of all types; though some were once lustful, they were able to gain salvation by converting their lust into a true love for God. These souls are always found dancing, singing the Hosannah in perpetual happiness, and will speed to other souls around them to share their joy. The Angelic Order associated with this sphere is the Principalities, angelic guides of royalty and leaders, and protectors of nations, groups and institutions.

Sphere 4: The Sun (Knowledge and Wisdom)[]

Like the Moon, the Sun was once considered a planetary body as opposed to just a star. The souls of those who showed great wisdom and prudence rest in this Sphere; in appearance they resemble wreaths of bright, blazing flowers. The Doctors of the Church (theologians who made influential contributions to Church doctrine and Christian thought), twenty-four in number, are found here. The Angelic Order associated with this sphere is the Powers, angels subject to the power of God and who combat the forces of evil.

Sphere 5: Mars (Fortitude and Courage)[]

Mars, aptly so, is the abode for the souls of the holy warriors and the courageous, those proven as being strong in the Virtue of Fortitude. The souls here take the shape of an enormous, mobile Cross, singing hymns as they advance. The Angelic Order associated with this sphere is the Virtues, angels of the natural elements, faith and miracles, and who have charge of the Divine Movement of the universe.

Sphere 6: Jupiter (Justice and Rulership)[]

The souls of the Just and the fair rulers reside in this sphere. These souls appropriately take the form of an eagle configuration, a Classical symbol of royal authority. The Angelic Order associated with this sphere is the Dominations, the angels of God's Dominion, who regulate the tasks of the lower angelic orders.

Sphere 7: Saturn (Temperance and Contemplation)[]

The final planet of this region, Saturn was considered to be the abode of those strong in Temperance, moderation and asceticism. These illuminated souls, appearing as globes of light, are seen continually ascending a golden ladder, their voices chorusing together. The Angelic Order associated with this sphere is the Thrones, in charge of maintaining the stability of all Creation.

The Fixed Stars (Sphere 8)[]

Rising higher beyond Saturn are the Fixed Stars, the home of the Twelve Apostles, led by St. Peter, and the Garden of Christ's Triumph. This Sphere embodies the Theological Virtues of Faith (the domain of St. Peter), Hope (the domain of St. James) and Love (the domain of St. John). The Angelic Order associated with this sphere is the Cherubim, angels of Divine Knowledge.

Primum Mobile (Sphere 9)[]

This Sphere of Heaven is dedicated to all angels of every Angelic Order and hierarchy, shown as concentric rings: Seraphim, Cherubim, Thrones, Dominations, Virtues, Powers, Principalities, Archangels and Angels. Naturally, the highest of the Angelic Orders and the angels of Divine Love, the Seraphim, are associated with this sphere. No specific personages are named within this sphere.

The Empyrean[]

The final region of Heaven, the Empyrean is described as resembling a large, beautiful rose in appearance. Here are found the Saints proper, including Saint Bernard, St. John the Baptist and Saint Lucy, along with all the heavenly souls Dante had encountered previously. Beatrice also has a place in the Empyrean, as do the Biblical Matriarchs. Angels who never leave Heaven are said to fly about this place, akin to bumblebees surrounding a flower. Children who have been baptized and those people who believed in a Messiah without become Christian are welcome here. The Virgin Mary is also present, seated closest to the heart of the Rose.

The Holy Trinity/God[]

At the very heart of the Empyrean is God Himself, as the completed Holy Trinity of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Those from lower realms cannot behold this form except by God's will alone, as they are unable to fully understand the nature of the Trinity without divine help.

Known Residents[]

The following table included the characters who are known to be in Heaven. Unless otherwise noted, all who appear in this table are exclusive to the original book and are not found in the game. Note: Characters with technical matters or special circumstances would appear with a "*" next to their name.

Resident Location Cause(s) of Residency
Beatrice* Heaven/ The Empyrean (The Divine Comedy);

Florence, The Gates of Hell, Lust, Anger, Fraud, Treachery (is ultimately taken to Heaven) (Dante's Inferno)

Died at age 23 of natural causes (was murdered in the game); Personification of Beatific Love

*In both media, Beatrice was originally meant to be in Heaven. The Divine Comedy has her already there due to her innocent and virtuous life, and she replaces Virgil as Dante's guide in Heaven. She acts here as the personification of Beatific Love and as a guardian spirit for Dante.

In the game, Beatrice is cast as the fiancee of Dante, who is killed before Dante returns from the Crusades. He witnesses her abduction by Lucifer, with whom she made a wager. She lost this wager due to Dante's infidelity. Furious with Dante, she accepts Lucifer's hand and she becomes queen of the Woeful Realm, but she is ultimately saved by Dante's love for her. Unlike the other residents of Hell in the game, Beatrice is considered a pure soul who is only there due to her bargain with the Devil.

Piccarda Donati and Constance of Sicily The Moon Forced to leave their respective convents and marry against their will

Piccarda was the sister of Dante's friend and kinsman, Forese Donati. Inspired by St. Claire, Piccarda joined a convent at a young age. She found life there enjoyable, but was later forced by her other brother, Corso, to leave the convent and marry. Piccarda was said to have sickened and died soon after the wedding, miserable at having to abandon her life as a nun.

The Queen of Sicily, Constance was said to have once been a nun like Piccarda, and was also forced to break her vows and marry. Her son by her husband, Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI, was Emperor Frederick II.

Justinian I Mercury Codification of Roman Law during the Byzantine Empire

A Byzantine Emperor, Justinian was the grandson of Constantine, the first of the Roman Emperors to be converted to Christianity. He was further converted away from the ideology of monophysism, and was credited with codifying Roman law for the better governance of his empire (though this is questionable).

Romeo da Villanova Mercury Aided Raimon Berenguer of Provence for a reward

Moved by the plight of Raimon Berenguer, Romeo helped each of Raimon's daughters to marry into royalty. However, Raimon believed slander about Romeo and refused to pay him for his work, leaving Romeo homeless and penniless.

Charles Martel of Anjou Venus Friend and supporter of Dante Aligheri

The heir to the throne of Hungary, Charles Martel died young after being king for a very brief time. He had personally met Dante and the two developed a strong mutual friendship; it is implied Charles had considered becoming Dante's royal patron before his death. Charles admits that had he not died, he might have succumbed to wickedness around him, but that he would have indeed been Dante's loving friend and patron.

Cunizza da Romano and Folquet Venus Repentance from Lust

The sister of Azzolino, Cunizza was known as a headstrong and outspoken woman, who garnered many lovers and husbands in her lifetime. She is implied to have lived a life of lust until she ultimately repented of her sin, which allowed her soul to come to Heaven.

A bishop of Marseilles, by his own admission Folquet was given to lust early on in his career. However, he later had a change of heart and instead became enamored with the notion of the Divine Love of God. This later devotion to God saved his soul.

Rahab Venus (formerly Limbo) Protecting two Jewish spies, helping the Jewish people gain the land of Israel in exchange for the lives of her loved ones

Known as the Whore of Jericho, Rahab was a Biblical prostitute living in Jericho who showed hospitality to Jewish spies for the patriarch Joshua. She agreed to help them so long as they spared herself and her family when their superiors invaded. The bargain was honored, and she and her family were allowed to remain in Israel in peace. She is credited with helping the Jewish people gain the "Promised Land".

There is an implication in the verses that she had been in Limbo prior to her ascent into Heaven; she was brought up from there during the Harrowing of Hell.

St. Albert Magnus of Cologne The Sun Doctor of the Church, proponent of Aristotelian thought; teacher of St. Thomas Aquinas

A teacher of theology and philosophy at Cologne, and patron saint of the natural sciences. He was also the instructor of St. Thomas Aquinas, with whom he encouraged the teachings of Aristotle in the Western world. He was later canonized and declared a Doctor of the Church.

St. Thomas Aquinas The Sun Doctor of the Church, author of the Summa Theologica

A famous Catholic theologian, Dominican friar and the patron saint of academics. His writings and teachings are still utilized today in the Catholic Church, especially for the instruction of priests and those entering Holy Orders. He is also credited with defining the Four Heavenly Virtues.

Gratian The Sun Doctor of the Church, author of the Dectreum Gratiani

A 12th century scholar, Gratian is credited with correlating and harmonizing civil law and church law.

Petrus Lombardus The Sun Doctor of the Church, author of the Sententiarum Libri IV

A Parisian bishop, Petrus complied several scriptures and texts of the church fathers into a compendium to correlate and harmonize the texts, similarly to the work of Gratian. Petrus was well-known for his humility in regards to the importance of his work.

Solomon The Sun Biblical King of Israel

The son of King David, reputed to have been one of the wisest men in Biblical times, and the last king of the united nation of Israel. He is credited with the construction of the First Temple of Jerusalem, with divine aid from God, and was known for his abilities to control and banish demons. Solomon is also said to have been the author of the Song of Solomon (Song of Songs) in the Bible.

Dionysus the Areopagite The Sun Doctor of the Church

Converted to Christianity by St. Paul according to the Acts of the Apostles. Dante had thought he had been the author of "The Celestial Hierarchy," but was mistaken.

Anicius Manlius Severenius Boethinus The Sun Doctor of the Church, author of De Consolatione Philosophiae

A Roman counselor to Theodoric the Ostrogoth in 510 AD. He eventually fell out of favor and was imprisoned, where he composed the De Consolatione Philosophiae, which had great influence on later Medieval and Classical learning. Due to this, although he was pagan, many consider Boethinus to have been a martyr, and he is unofficially called St. Severinus by some.

St. Isadore of Seville The Sun Doctor of the Church, author of Etymologiae

Archbishop of Seville in the year 600 AD, and patron saint of students, computers and the Internet. Isadore's Etymologiae was considered a valuable encyclopedia of Medieval learning. He was also the inventor of several punctuation marks, including the period, comma and colon.

St. Bede The Sun Doctor of the Church, author of the Ecclesiastical History of the English People

A Medieval English scholar and historian, patron saint of English writers and historians. Bede was a monk who dedicated himself to compiling historical texts, culminating in his work, "Ecclesiastical History of the English People." He is considered to be one of the greatest writers of the Middle Ages.

Richard of St. Victor The Sun Doctor of the Church, author of La Contemplatione

A Scottish mystic and theologian. Richard also served as the prior of the Abbey of St. Victor, and was renown as a great philosophical thinker.

Siger of Brabant The Sun Proponent of Averroism, author of the Impossibilia

A radical and professor of Philosophy at the University of Paris, who attempted to harmonize concepts of faith and reason. He was often deemed heretical in his thinking by the Church, but is praised for his compositions in Dante's work.

St. Bonaventure The Sun Doctor of the Church, Minister General of the Order of St. Francis

Born Giovanni di Fidanza, St. Bonaventure was a 13th century scholar and theologian. He served as general of the Franciscan Order, and was made Cardinal-Bishop of Albano. He was later canonized in 1482 as patron saint of gastrointestinal disorders and named "Doctor Seraphicus" of the Church.

Illuminato and Augustine The Sun Followers of St. Francis of Assisi

The first friars to join the Order of St. Francis, they are given honor among the souls of the Sun.

Hugo of St. Victor The Sun Prior of St. Victor

A Saxon theologian, and professor of theology and philosophy at St. Victor's Monastery in Paris. He emphasized the approach to God through science and philosophy. His works are said to still be in circulation across Europe, and he had received praise from St. Bonaventure for his compositions.

Peter Mangiador of Troyes/ Petrus Comestor The Sun Author of the Historia Scholastica

Dean of the Cathedral of Troyes in France, known for his great love of learning. His Historia Scholastica was a compendium of Biblical history, and considered the standard historical work of the Church of many years.

John XXI The Sun Author of the Summa logicales

Born Pedro Julião in Portugal, John XXI served as Pope from 1276 AD until his passing a year later. He gained popularity for his works on logical principles, and was reputed to have possibly been a physician before become a pope.

Nathan The Sun Biblical Prophet of Israel

One of the Prophets, Nathan served as an advisor to King David. He also served as David's court historian and composer for the Temple of Israel. Nathan is well-known for reprimanding the king for the seduction of Bathsheba and the planned murder of her husband, Uriah. Nathan also helped David's son, Solomon, to gain the throne of Israel upon David's death.

St. John Chrysostom The Sun Doctor of the Church, Archbishop of Constatinople

An early Church father, and patron saint of orators and preachers. St. John was known for his eloquence and gift of speech among the people of the Byzantine Empire, preaching against abuse of power and wealth. He is also credited with leading a mob to destroy the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

St. Anselm of Canterbury The Sun Doctor of the Church, Archbishop of Canterbury

Born in Lombardy, Anselm was a Benedictine monk and philosopher before serving as Archbishop of Canterbury. In this position, he defended the Church and the authority of the Pope against King William II Rufus, and later King Henry I Beauclerc. He was exiled for his efforts.

Aelius Donatus The Sun Author of Ars grammatica, reputed to be the tutor to St. Jerome

A fourth-century Roman commentator, rhetorician and grammarian. His works on Virgil and grammar were heavily in use during Dante's time, and were an influence on his own writings.

Rabanus Maurus The Sun Archbishop of Mainz, author of the De rerum naturis and De clericorum institutione, composer of Veni Creator Spiritus

The son of Germanic nobility, Rabanus entered the Order of St. Benedict as a monk and scholar. He frequently produced writings on education, grammar and Bible commentary, and was known as the "Teacher of Germany." He is also the creator of several hymns, including Veni Creator Spiritus ("Come, Creator Spirit," sometimes Anglicized to "Come, Holy Spirit"), which is still sung in modern times. Rabanus is sometimes considered a saint and holds the status of Blessed.

Joachim of Fiore The Sun Founder of the Order of St. John in Fiore

A Cistercian monk, Joachim was a theologian who composed many works on eschatological concepts. He was reputed to also be gifted in prophecy, but this has been heavily disputed by Church authority.

Cacciaguida degli Elisei Mars Ancestor of Dante Alighieri; Crusader and martyr

The great-great grandfather of Dante, Cacciaguida was a Crusader who fought alongside Holy Roman Emperor Conrad II. After allegedly being knighted for his deeds, Cacciaguida claimed to have died in battle.

Joshua Mars Biblical leader of the Israelites; conqueror of Canaan

After Moses disobeyed God during the Exodus from Egypt, his assistant Joshua was chosen to lead the Jews to the Promised Land instead. Acting as a spy to scout out the land of Canaan, Joshua would later help conquer and divide the land among the Israelite people. For this task, God was said to have given Joshua invincibility until his death.

Judas Maccabeus Mars Leader of the Maccabbean Revolt

Judas Maccabeus was originally a Jewish priest, during a time when the Selucid Greek empire had conquered Israel and defiled the Temple. Judas and his family led a revolt, successfully driving out the Selucids from Jerusalem and restoring the Temple, in addition to defending and liberating other nearby Jewish settlements. This led to his nickname/surname Maccabeus, which means "Hammer," due to his skill as a warrior and leader.

Charlemagne/ Charles the Great Mars First Holy Roman Emperor

Known as the Father of Europe, Charlemagne was famous for uniting both Central and Western Europe under his rule. Charlemagne was also a strong defender of the Church and the Pope, expelling the Moors from Iberia, and he became the ancestor of many European royal houses, including the Habsburgs.

Roland/Orlando Mars Christian warrior and martyr

A Frankish military leader who served under Charlemagne, Roland became famous for his prowess against the Bretons. He was ambushed and killed by the Basques of Iberia (Spain) at the Battle of Ronceveux Pass. Later accounts romanticized Roland as a hero and warrior of the Church.

William of Orange/William of Gellone Mars Christian warrior; founder of the Abbey of Gellone

A relative of Charlemange and the Duke of Tolouse, William was known for defeating the rebels of Gascony and Hisham I, the Umayyad Emir of Corboda. He founded the Abbey of Gellone, and according to legend lived the rest of his life there as a monk.

Rinoard Rainouart Mars Christian warrior

According to legend, Rinoard was the lieutenant of William of Orange, aiding him in his campaigns. Rinoard was reported to have been pagan before converting to Christianity, later taking holy orders as William had.

Godfrey of Bouillon Mars Co-leader of the First Crusade

A French nobleman and Duke of Lorraine, Godrey was among the leaders of the First Crusade, ending in a victory for the Christian world. He was crowned ruler of Jerusalem, but humbly refused to be named king, opting instead for the lesser title of Prince.

Robert Guiscard Mars Christian warrior

A Norman Frenchman, Robert became renown for his military conquests of Southern Italy and Sicily. He and his family aided Pope Leo IX in the military takeover of Calabria, Apulia, Capua and the island of Sicily.

David Jupiter Biblical King of Israel

David was formerly a shepherd before being anointed by God to succeed King Saul, who had disobeyed God and become afflicted with evil spirits. After he became a harpist for the king and defeated the massive Philistine warrior Goliath, David went on to become a successful military leader before ascending to the throne of Israel upon Saul's death. David was generally known as a great and just king, eventually being succeeded himself by his son Solomon. According to the Gospel, David is an ancestor of Jesus through Joseph.

Trajan Jupiter (formerly Limbo) Interceded for by God and converted to Christianity

Historically, Trajan was a Roman Emperor, who was reputed for his integrity and morality. A famous story (referenced in the Purgatorio) depicts Trajan stopping his royal retinue just to help an old, poor woman on the road, an example of the Virtue of Humility. According to a medieval legend, as a pagan Trajan was condemned to Hell, but through the prayers of Pope St. Gregory I, God allowed Trajan to be redeemed and convert to Christianity, allowing his presence in Heaven.

Hezekiah Jupiter Biblical King of Judah

The ruler of the southern kingdom of Judah, Hezekiah was known for his righteous manner and his religious reforms, making only the worship of God legal in his kingdom. It is said that while on his deathbed, with aid from the prophet Isaiah, Hezekiah prayed and was not only granted his prayer of recovery, but was given an extra 15 years to live by God.

Constantine I Jupiter First Roman Emperor to covert to Christianity

According to legend, Constantine initially persecuted the Christians, but after being stricken with leprosy, he sought the help of Pope Sylvester I, who converted and cured the Emperor. Constantine was known for being an effective emperor, restructuring the Roman government, enacting the Edict of Milan, which legally gave tolerance to Christianity, and convening the First Nicean Council. According to Dante, in what would later be found to be a forged document, Constatine had given the Western Roman Empire to the Church and the Pope in good faith, keeping the Byzantine Empire for himself.

William II of Sicily Jupiter Champion of the Papacy; maintained peacekeeping and prosperity during his reign

The king of Sicily, William was an indulgent ruler, but was praised for his defense of the Pope, as well as his policies of peace, which would last until his death and earned him the nickname "William the Good."

Ripheus Jupiter Received a vision of Christ, allowing for belief and salvation

A Trojan warrior from Greek myth, Ripheus was stated to have been the most just, righteous and moral man among any of the Trojan soldiers. He died to defend Troy from the Greeks. According to Dante, despite being known as a pagan, Ripheus was spared damnation by having a vision of Christ before his death, which allowed his soul to receive redemption from God.

Peter Damian/Pietro Damiani Saturn Doctor of the Church

A Benedictine monk from Ravenna, Peter Damian was famous for his strict adherence to an ascetic lifestyle. Even when he was elevated to the office of Cardinal of Ostia under Pope Leo IX, he continued to live a strict life and only took his new positions with reluctance.

St. Benedict of Nursia Saturn Founder of the Benedictine Monastic Order; author of Rule of St. Benedict

The patron saint of Europe, Saint Benedict was an Italian theologian. He composed a book directing monks on how to live their lives and comport themselves; this book was the defining literature for all monastic orders. Disgusted by the corruption of Rome, he is stated to have retreated to Mount Cassino to live in seclusion with his followers.

Jesus of Nazareth The Fixed Stars, The Empyrean The Son of God

The child of Mary, born through the power of God via the Holy Spirit. Jesus of Nazareth was believed to have been God made flesh. After being baptized by his cousin, St. John the Baptist, Jesus proceeded to gather apostles and preach throughout Israel, primarily to the common, the poor and the reviled. His teachings angered the Sanhedrin, who had Jesus brought to them on charges of blasphemy and crucified. After death, it is said that Jesus traveled through Hell, redeeming souls as he went and granting them access to Heaven; his sojourn shook the very foundations of Hell, causing several structures to be destroyed or broken. Three days after his execution, Jesus is reputed to have risen from the dead, and reunited with his family and friends before ascending to Heaven.

Mary The Fixed Stars, The Empyrean Queen of Heaven and Mother of Jesus

A young woman from Nazareth, Mary was said to have been the first human since Adam and Eve to be born without original sin. After serving in the Temple of Jerusalem, while still young, she was betrothed to a carpenter named Joseph. According to the Gospel, Mary was visited by the Archangel Gabriel, who prophesied that despite being a virgin she would give birth to the Messiah. Mary was reported to have accepted her fate without hesitation, and alongside Joseph went to Bethlehem, where she gave birth. After spending two years in Egypt, Mary, Joseph and their son Jesus returned to Nazareth. Mary later appears at a wedding with her son, where she states to Jesus that the wine has run out, prompting Jesus to turn water into more wine for the guests. Mary is seen at his crucifixion and resurrection as well. On her deathbed, Mary is said to have been brought to Heaven while still alive and made Queen of the Blessed Realm.

Gabriel The Fixed Stars, the Empyrean Archangel of God

The angel and patron saint of messengers, communication and announcements. He is also a guide and helper to prophets on Earth. Gabriel is known for being one of only three angels mentioned by name in the Bible, alongside the Archangels Michael and Raphael. Gabriel is best known for the Annunciation, where he visits Mary and informs her that she will give birth to the Messiah. He also is the one to tell Elizabeth's husband, Zacharias, about the birth of St. John the Baptist. When Zacharias refuses to believe the angel's words, Gabriel strikes him dumb until John is born.

St. Peter The Fixed Stars, The Empyrean One of the Twelve Apostles and gatekeeper of Heaven; considered the first Pope of the Catholic Church

Originally named Simon, a fisherman of Galilee, after the baptism of Jesus he was called by Jesus to join him in his ministry. Simon was later given the name Peter (from the Greek petros, meaning "Rock") by Jesus, who conveyed the Keys of Heaven to him. He and the other apostles followed Jesus in his travels, learning from him. According to the Gospel, upon Jesus's arrest and trial by the Sanhedrin, Peter denied knowing Jesus three times, in concord with a prophecy Jesus was stated to have made during the Last Supper. Upon his resurrection, Jesus questioned Peter's love, and upon Peter's subsequent affirmations, Jesus forgave him. Peter would go forth to continue Jesus's teachings until he was finally captured in Rome under the Emperor Nero. Learning of his impeding execution, Peter requested to be crucified upside-down in a final act of Humility to Jesus.

St. James/St. Jacob The Fixed Stars One of the Twelve Apostles

Along with his brother John and St. Peter, James was one of the first Apostles called by Jesus after his time in the desert. James was known for his temper and was rebuked with his brother for wanting Jesus to destroy a town. The siblings also angered Jesus when they requested seats of glory with him, whereas Jesus not only challenged them to "drink from the same cup" (suffer and die like he would) but stated that the glory they sought could only be granted by God alone. Nevertheless, James was present with Jesus during the night in Gethsemane. He was reported to have been the first Apostle to be martyred, executed by King Herod Agrippa I. He was later venerated as the patron saint of Spain.

St. John the Apostle The Fixed Stars One of the Twelve Apostles; possible author of the Gospel of John and the Book of Revelation

The patron saint of Love and the younger brother of St. James, John was called alongside James and Simon-Peter to join Jesus in his ministry. Like his elder brother, John was known for his temper, and was also with Jesus in Gethsemane. John is reputed to have possibly been the author of the Gospel of John, and to have been synonymous with St. John of Patmos and St. John the Evangelist.

Adam The Fixed Stars, The Empyrean The First Man

The first human to have been created by God from the dust of the Earth and given life. Adam was placed in the Garden of Eden, and given dominion over the world and all within. Apocryphal legend states that he was initially joined by his first mate, Lilith, crafted from mud. However, Lilith refused to acknowledge Adam as superior to her and fled Eden. Later, God would pity Adam's loneliness and create a new mate for him, Eve, from one of Adam's ribs. According to the Book of Genesis, Eve would later be enticed by a snake into eating from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, and in turn Adam would be offered the fruit by Eve. For this first sin, Adam and Eve were expelled from Eden, while they and their progeny were cursed. According to Dante, upon death Adam was damned to Hell, but saved when Jesus descended to the Woeful Realm and redeemed souls on the way to his own resurrection.

St. Bernard of Clairvaux* The Empyrean Doctor of the Church; Co-Founder of the Knights Templar and founder of Clairvaux Abbey; personification of Sacred Contemplation

A former Cistercian monk, St. Bernard founded and became Abbot of Clairvaux. He preached in support of Pope Innocent II when the latter was challenged by an antipope, as well as preached to gather support for the Second Crusade. He was also reported to have been a strong devotee and advocate of the Virgin Mary.


*Upon reaching the Empyrean, Beatrice retires as Dante's guide and returns to her place in Heaven, allowing St. Bernard to take her place in Dante's final part of the journey.

Eve The Empyrean The First Woman

The second mate of Adam, the first man, who was crafted from one of Adam's ribs by God. Eve was enticed by a snake to eat the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, and in turn Eve persuaded Adam to eat some fruit as well. Upon learning what they had done, God expelled Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden, cursing the couple and their offspring.

Rachel The Empyrean (formerly Limbo) Biblical Matriarch

The second wife of the Biblical patriarch Jacob. Upon seeing her for the first time, Jacob fell in love and asked Rachel's father, Laban, for her hand in marriage. However, Laban requested that Jacob work his lands for a year before he would consent to the match. Rachel's father then went back on his word and married his other daughter, Leah, to Jacob, due to the impropriety of a younger daughter marrying before an elder one. Laban refused to consent to Rachel marrying Jacob until he worked the land for another year. Despite him having four wives, Rachel was stated to have been Jacob's favorite, and was the mother of his favorite sons, Joseph and Benjamin.

Sarah, Rebecca and Ruth The Empyrean Biblical Matriarchs

Sarah was the wife of Abraham and the mother of Isaac, while Rebecca is the wife of Isaac and mother of Jacob and Esau. These two women were the ancestresses of the Israelites.


Ruth in turn, by marrying an Israelite man, was the great-grandmother of David, and ancestress of Jesus through Joseph.

Judith The Empyrean Saved the people of Israel from the Assyrians

When the Kingdom of Israel was under siege from the Assyrian general Holofernes, Judith and her handmaiden bravely entered the Assyrian camp and plied Holofernes with cheese and wine. When the general had fallen into a drunken sleep, Judith proceeded to behead him and returned to Israel, showing off Holofernes's head. This instilled the army of Israel with courage, and they attacked the camp, defeating the Assyrians and saving the nation.

St. John the Baptist The Empyrean Cousin of Jesus; Prophet of God and early evangelist

The son of the priest Zacharias and his wife Elizabeth, John was born to the couple when Elizabeth was considered barren and past childbearing years. His birth was heralded by the Archangel Gabriel, but due to his disbelief Zacharias was struck dumb by the angel until John's birth. He would grown up to become a recluse, living in the desert and feeding on wild honey and locusts. John would preach about the coming of the Messiah and offered to baptize people in the river Jordan. When the adult Jesus approached him for baptism, John was reluctant as he felt Jesus had no sins to be baptized of but agreed to perform the rite at Jesus's insistence, whereupon the voice of God was heard declaring Jesus as His Son. John was also highly critical of King Herod, who respected John but later ordered his beheading at the instigation of his wife, Herodias, and her daughter Salome.

St. John the Evangelist The Empyrean Author of the Gospel of John

The purported author of the fourth Gospel, the Gospel of John, the identity of St. John the Evangelist is unclear. He might have been equivalent to St. John the Apostle, St. John of Patmos or all three were the same man.

Moses The Empyrean Liberated the Jewish people from slavery; prophet and former leader of the Israelites

The child of Jewish parents, Moses was set adrift on the Nile by his mother in an attempt to save him from death. Luckily, he was found and adopted by an Egyptian princess and raised in comfort and luxury. However, he later killed an Egyptian who was beating a Jewish slave and fled, after which he was appointed by God to free the Israelites from Egyptian oppression. Ultimately, after enduring ten plagues, the Pharaoh released the Jews, and Moses led them across the desert towards the Promised Land. Unfortunately, for disobeying an instruction from God, Moses was banned from entering the Promised Land (Canaan) himself, resulting in Moses naming Joshua as the new leader of the Israelites in his place.

St. Anne The Empyrean Mother of Mary

The wife of Joachim, Anne is only mentioned by name in the apocryphal Gospel of James. Childless and of advanced age, she prays to God for a child, and God answers her prayer by allowing her to become miraculously pregnant. Anne has a daughter, Mary, who is the first human born without original sin.

St. Lucia/St. Lucy The Empyrean Virgin and martyr

Born into a wealthy Roman family in Syracuse on the island of Sicily, Lucia converted to Christianity and made a vow of chastity to God, causing her to reject a potential suitor. In retaliation, the suitor exposed her as a Christian to the Roman authorities. She was sentenced to be raped at a brothel, but she knelt and began to pray. Despite the force and violence used, nothing could physically move her from where she knelt, until her enraged suitor gouged her eyes out and beheaded her. Her beautiful eyes were said to have been restored by God after death. Due to this, Lucia is venerated as the patron saint of the physically and spiritual blind.

God/ The Holy Trinity (The Father, the Son, the Holy Spirit) The Empyrean The Primal Source, Creator of all Life and Divine Love

Creator of the Universe and all Life therein. God appears in The Divine Comedy as a concentric and interlinked Trinity, though without His explicit intervention, it is impossible for any other creatures to perceive or understand the union of the Trinity fully.

Trivia[]

  • In the original book, Dante was lead through this region by Beatrice, as Virgil, a pagan soul, was forbidden from entering the presence of God. Virgil was also symbolic of Human Reason, which can only go so far in finding God. Similarly, Beatrice ceased to guide Dante on after the pair reach the Empyrean, and her role as guide is taken up by St. Bernard.
  • Heaven is the final resting place of Beatrice's soul both in the game and the book.
  • All souls in Heaven are stated to shine, but the degree of luminosity (or lack in some) is determined by how much of the light of God the soul can handle. The more developed a soul, the more of God's light it can hold and the brighter it shines.
  • For the Sphere of Mercury, it can be proposed that Dante makes a differentiation between Pride and Ambition. Whereas Pride elevates oneself at the expense of others, the Ambitious seek glory for themselves, yet are glad to share it with others and without detriment to anyone.
  • Uranus and Neptune, the final two planets of the Solar System, were not included among the Spheres as they had not been discovered at the time of Dante's writing.
  • Jesus and the Virgin Mary appear briefly in the Sphere of the Fixed Stars, but their primary residence is in the Empyrean. As they are among the most powerful beings in Creation, it is likely that Jesus and Mary can go anywhere they wish to in Heaven, explaining their presence in the Sphere of Fixed Stars.
    • On a similar principle, the souls of all the righteous can appear simultaneously on the thrones of the Empyrean and in their respective Spheres of Heaven, elaborating on the notion that God is omnipresent in Heaven and all souls therein are in constant contact with God.
  • During the Harrowing of Hell, Jesus redeemed the souls of several Biblical figures from Limbo, including Adam, Abel, Noah, Moses, Abraham, David, Jacob and Rachel. They are now in Heaven, but, with the exceptions of Adam, Moses, David and Rachel, their primary location within the Spheres is unknown.
  • There is an interesting principle of two pagans appearing in Heaven: Ripheus the Trojan and Emperor Trajan of Rome. It is explained to Dante's character that the two escaped eternal damnation despite being pagan because they had some form of belief in God and Christ, despite not knowing of them in life. It is further proposed that any non-Christian who has the basic belief in the coming of a Messiah/salvation could enter Heaven.
  • In some translations, the Primum Mobile is also called "the Crystalline."
  • Prior to his Fall, Lucifer likely also resided in the Primum Mobile with his fellow angels. This is also presumably the Archangel Gabriel's residence. There is a possible hint in the Divine Comedy, from Beatrice's words of Lucifer being a "dark principal," that his rank may have been that of a Principality as opposed to a cherub or seraph as is commonly thought.
  • Although the Empyrean holds the majority of the Saints, many are found in the Sphere of the Sun. This is due to their gaining the rank of saint after Dante's completion of the Divine Comedy and death; he knew them as theologians and obviously did not live to witness their canonization as saints. On the other hand, their place in the Sun is still concurrent with their location in the Empyrean, as with the other souls of Heaven.
  • In the Empyrean, St. Bernard points out some empty thrones to Dante. It is prophesied that Judgement Day will begin once the last throne has an occupant. Dante notes that there are very few empty thrones left.
  • Interestingly, if the player absolves Hecuba, she mentions a location called "Temple of Heaven." It can be assumed that she was referring to the Empyrean. This may also mean that once Dante absolved her, she ended up there.
  • There is a strong implication that the real-life Dante honored his wife and children in the figures of the Virgin Mary (his wife, Gemma Donati), Saint Peter, Saint James and Saint John (his sons Pietro, Jacopo and Giovanni)
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