|Locations||Wheel of Fortune|
Greed was the fourth Circle of Hell.
After escaping the Hall of Gluttons, Dante entered the circle of Greed, which was mechanical in nature compared to the previous circles. Within the circle are occupants who are boiled alive in molten gold below, condemned for hoarding too closely or spending too freely with riches. In this "factory of torture," Dante will be faced with the horrendous puzzles of the Wheel of Fortune, which was used to deliver punishment, and those of the fallen god, Plutus, a living golden statue.
It is also in this circle where Dante must confront the monstrous shade of his father, Alighiero, eager to destroy the son on whom he blames his violent death and damnation.
Areas of the CircleEdit
- The Wheel of Fortune: Happy, the wheel spins and judges, an engine of chance eager to flounder our fortunes. She was often maligned, even to those who gave her praise.
- Plutus: The God of Wealth guarded the inner parts of Greed.
- In the Divine Comedy, the fourth circle of hell is quite different from how it is depicted in Dante's Inferno. In the poem, the hoarders and wasters joust back and forth constantly with huge bags of money, wailing and gnashing their teeth. The "accursed wolf" Plutus is not a statue, but an actual wolf. He still mutters the strange cryptic "Pape Satan" phrase, though. In accordance with Virgil's words, the original text does mention a high amount of popes, cardinals and monks present in this circle for their overpowering greed.
- The damned souls on the climbable walls in this circle appear to actually be made out of gold.
- The original Latin name for the Deadly Sin of Greed was Avaritia, from which the word "avarice" is derived. The corresponding Heavenly Virtue, the opposite to Greed, was Charity (Caritas).
- According to Dante, Greed was a form of Divine Love for items in a world created by God, perverted into an obsession with material goods, which is why it is only designated as the fourth circle rather than a lower one. Other sins derived from corrupted Divine Love (Lust, Gluttony) are also found in the higher circles of Hell (Circles 2 and 3 respectively).
|Nine Circles of Hell|
|Limbo · Lust · Gluttony · Greed · Anger · Heresy · Violence · Fraud · Treachery|